This is certainly a model used by many British universities and publishers.


This is certainly a model used by many British universities and publishers.

Example 1: Using Quotations

The extract below, from a paper on Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie, shows how quotations can be utilized. Due to the fact paper quotes through the novel extensively, page numbers are observed in the main body of this text, in parentheses, after complete bibliographical details have been provided in a footnote to your quotation that is first. Quotations from secondary sources are referenced by footnotes. Short quotations are included, in quotation marks, inside the main body regarding the paper, whilst the longer quotation, without quotation marks, makes up an indented paragraph. Observe that even though the writing by the author of the paper is combined with quotations through the novel and sources that are secondary sentences are nevertheless grammatically correct and coherent.

Jean Brodie is convinced regarding the rightness of her own power, and uses it in a frightening manner: ‘Give me a lady at an impressionable age, and she actually is mine for life’. 1 this can be Miss Brodie’s adoption of the Jesuit formula, but, whereas they claim the little one for God, she moulds the kid on her own ends. ‘you are mine,’ she says, ‘. of my cut and stamp . ‘ (129). When Sandy, her most pupil that is perceptive sees the ‘Brodie set’ ‘as a body with Miss Brodie when it comes to head’ (36), there clearly was, as David Lodge points out, a biblical parallel with all the Church once the body of Christ. 2 God is Miss Jean Brodie’s rival, and this is demonstrated in a literal way when one of her girls, Eunice, grows religious and is preparing herself for confirmation. She becomes increasingly independent of Miss Brodie’s influence and decides to carry on the side that is modern the high school although Jean Brodie makes clear her very own preference for the Classical. Eunice refuses to continue her role as the group’s jester, or even to go with them into the ballet. Cunningly, her tutor tries to regain control by playing on her religious convictions:

All of that term she attempted to inspire Eunice in order to become at the very least a pioneer missionary in some deadly and dangerous zone of this earth, because of it was intolerable to Miss Brodie that any one of her girls should grow up not largely specialized in some vocation. ‘You will definitely end up being a Girl Guide leader in a suburb like Corstorphine’, she said warningly to Eunice, who was in reality secretly drawn to this idea and who lived in Corstorphine. (81)

Miss Brodie has different plans for Rose; she is to be a ‘great lover’ (146), and her tutor audaciously absolves her through the sins this can entail: ‘she is above the code that is moral it does not connect with her’ (146). This dismissal of possible retribution distorts the girls’ judgement of Miss Brodie’s actions.

The above passage is obtained from Ruth Whittaker, The Faith and Fiction of Muriel Spark (London and Basingstoke: MacMillan, 1982), pp.106-7.

Example 2: installation of a bibliography

The bibliography will usually are the relevant sources consulted in producing your essay, even when you yourself have not referred to or quoted from them directly. Your order is determined and alphabetical by the authors’ names. Book titles appear in italics or are underlined, whilst article titles come in inverted commas. When talking about books you ought to are the author’s name, place of publication, the publisher, therefore the date as soon as the written book was published. The number and/or volume number, the date of publication and the page numbers to reference the source of an article from a journal include the name of the journal. There are many styles for installation of a bibliography, however the elements that are same in each, and also you needs to be consistent. Consult the handbooks can be found within the libraries for further details.

This can be a model employed by many British universities and publishers.

Dahlgren, Pete, Television as well as the Public Sphere (London: Sage Publishers, 1995)
Dubois, Ellen, ‘Antipodean Feminism’, New Left Review, no.206, July/August 1994, 127-33
Fussel, Paul, the fantastic War and Modern Memory (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975)
Gledhill, Christine, ‘Melodrama’, in The Cinema Book, ed. Pam Cook (London: BFI, 1985), pp.73-84
Lodge, David, ‘The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie‘ in David Lodge, The Novelist in the Crossroads along with other Essays on Fiction and Criticism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44
Pettifer, James, The Greeks (London: Penguin, 1993)

This is actually the model recommended by the present day Languages Association (MLA) and it is utilized by most American universities and publishers.

Dahlgren, Pete. Television in addition to Public Sphere. London: Sage Publishers, 1995.
Dubois, Ellen. “Antipodean Feminism.” New Left Review 206 (July/August 1994): 127-33
Fussel, Paul. The truly amazing War and Modern Memory. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975.
Gledhill, Christine. “Melodrama” in The Cinema Book. Ed. Pam Cook. London: BFI, 1985. 73-84
Lodge, David. “The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie” in David Lodge The Novelist at the Crossroads along with other Essays on Fiction and Criticism. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971. 119-44
Pettifer, James. The Greeks. London: Penguin, 1993.

The essential information provided by each model is given in identical order, nonetheless they differ in the manner that the information are presented. Whichever model you decide on or are instructed to utilize make sure that you stay consistent to it.

Consult reference works well with further advice. These books are regarding the open shelves:
· John Clanchy and Brigid Ballard, Simple tips to Write Essays (Melbourne: Longman Cheshire, 1992)
· Joseph Gibaldi, MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (New York: MLA, 1995)

1 Muriel Spark, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (London: Macmillan, 1961), p.7. essay writers All references that are further to this edition and given in the text.

2 David Lodge, ‘The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie‘, in David Lodge, The Novelist at the Crossroads as well as other Essays on Fiction and Criticism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44.


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